International congress on “The Balkan Wars (1912-1913) on their Centenary” (Istanbul, 20-21 October 2012)

International congress on “The Balkan Wars (1912-1913) on their Centenary” (Istanbul, 20-21 October 2012)

On the centenary of the Balkan Wars (1912-1913) which marked the end of the Ottoman period in the Balkans and Southeast Europe and generated consequences that had decisive impacts on politics in and around the region, an international history congress was jointly organized by IRCICA and İstanbul Sabahattin Zaim University with the contributions of Zeytinburnu Municipality (Istanbul). Zeytinburnu is a district with a high percentage of population of Balkan origin. The congress took place on 19-21 October 2012. A significant feature of the congress was that its opening session at Zeytinburnu Cultural Centre of was addressed by ministers from the Balkan countries and Turkey: Mr. Mahir Yağcılar, Minister of Public Administration of Kosovo, Mr. Hadi Nezir, Minister of State of Macedonia, Mr. Rafet Husoviç, Minister of State of Montenegro; Mr. Sulejman Ugljanin, Minister of State of Serbia, and Mr. İdris Naim Şahin, Minister of Interior of Turkey. The opening was also addressed by the Mayor of Zeytinburnu Mr. Murat Aydın and the Rector of Sabahattin Zaim University Prof. Adem Esen. After the speeches, the opening session heard the keynote address of the congress delivered by Prof. Kemal Karpat, which was presented by Prof. Mehmet İpşirli. Prof. Karpat is a senior historian specialist of the history of the Balkans, Ottoman history, among other areas, and recipient of the Turkish Grand National Assembly's Honour Award.

The working sessions, held at the auditorum of the university, heard research findings on a variety of topics and discussions over academically debated issues. Scholars and specialists from Bulgaria, Croatia, France, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Macedonia, Pakistan, Turkey, USA and Uzbekistan. The papers presented were:

"Effects of Politics in the Secession of Balkans" (Salim Aydın)¸ "The Role of Young Turks/CUP in the Balkan Wars Catastrophy" (Necmettin Alkan), "Dreams of Turkish Intellectuals on the Balkan Wars" (Sema Uğurcan), "The Balkan Wars and British India: A Case study of NWFP" (Abdul Rauf), "Reasons for the Successful Mobilization of the Balkan States in the Balkan Wars" (Igor Despot), "Salonika and the Balkan Wars" (Dimitris Michoulopulos), "Impacts of the Balkan Wars: The Uncharted Parts from Empire to Nation State" (Isa Blumi), "The Ambitions of the Last: Italy and the Balkan Wars" (Alessandro Vagnini), "When Sound Judgement of Statesmen Fails: The Role of Count István Burián in Influencing the Policy of Austria-Hungary during the Balkan Wars" (Demeter Gabor), "Russian Diplomatic Documentation Regarding the Events on the Balkans on the Eve of the Balkan Wars" (Liljana Gushevska), "The Balkan Wars in the Records of the Italian General Staff" (Alberto Becherelli), "The Balkan Wars according to the Ottoman Archive Documents" (Önder Bayır), "Macedonian Emigration Press in Russia on the Balkan Wars" (Biljana Rsitovska), "Human Faith in Balkan Wars in Macedonian Writers" (Jasmina Mojsieva Guseva), "The Balkan War (1912) Through the Eyes of the French War Correspondent Stéphane Lauzanne" (Odile Moreau), "Taking Advantage of a Crisis to Reform: The Remaking of Religious Education in the Wake of the Balkan Wars" (Amit Bein), "The New Status of the Balkans after 100 years of Ottoman Deportation" (Numan Aruç), "The Balkans and Traces of the Balkan Wars in Ömer Seyfeddin's Stories" (Abdullah Uçman), "Political Critics on Bulgarian Cartoons Related to the Balkan Wars" (Mehmet Köseoğlu), "Reflections of the Balkan Wars, their Reasons and Consequences" (Tahir Kahhar), "Sultan Reshad's Balkan Visit according to İsmail Bey's Voyage (Hâtıra-i Seyahat)" (Nesimi Yazıcı), "The Reality of East Trachea Bulgarian Refugees' Properties" (Georgi Zelengora).

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